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Bulgarian Orthodox Church

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Bulgarian Orthodox Church | Bulgarian Orthodox | Bulgarian Orthodox Saints
Bulgarian Orthodox Church offensive operations of the Slavs and proto - Bulgarian in the Balkan countries (6-7 century) caused serious harm to the organization of the church and the problems of the mission of Christianity, but were not of crucial importance for further development. Byzantine writers testify to many contacts with the Eastern Empire, the new settlers, and the Slavs and Proto Bulgarians, and its relations with the conquerors of the indigenous population to Christianity. Christian religion infiltrated the population of Bulgarian Slavs (the ancestors of the Bulgarian people) as soon as 6th 7th centuries. There is an ongoing process of Christian influence gradually enfolded Proto, Bulgarians, too (from 7 to 9 of the twentieth century). Interior and development of international relations of the State of Slavic, Bulgarian (founded in 681) contributed to the successful penetration of Christianity, which even penetrated into the refugee camp of Khan (9th century). The local population, Bulgarian Slavs who converted to Christianity, and constant contact with Byzantium, the exchange of prisoners and the use of the Greek language and other factors that paved the way for the Christianization of the task in the first Bulgarian state. Pope Nicholas was informed that in the early 60 century, 9 - "The vast majority of Bulgarians who converted to Christianity." Following the adoption of Christianity by Prince Boris I (865), Christianity became the official religion of the Bulgarian state. Joseph Genesius wrote that "high-elect of the clergy are from Constantinople to Bulgaria to promote the Christian faith there." Word of the Bible, which led to a lot of fruit.
Bulgarian Orthodox ChurchDuke Boris was in favor of the clergy enlightened and excited and the Church more efficient and independent, even with the existence of the Patriarchate, and the witch will be able to meet the needs of the time: to help people to unite and promote cultural development for the state meet, to strengthen the new social order, sovereignty and prestige of Bulgaria. With all this in mind, and intelligent use of case history, circumstances and expectations, and he began negotiations with Rome, which lasted three years and then resumed his long with the Byzantine Empire. On 5 October 869 to February / February 28, 870 Church, which was held in Istanbul to discuss the Patriarch Photius. Here Bulgarian envoys, who were warmly welcomed and respected. During the special session (March 4), with the ambassadors of Rome and representatives of the four Eastern patriarchs, the Council discussed this issue from the jurisdiction of the church in the Bulgarian language. After long discussions, and deepen the conflict between Rome and Constantinople, and decides that the Bulgarian population associated with religious issues, the Christians in the east. This created a representative of the Forum on March 4, 870 to the parish of separate and laid the foundations of the Bulgarian Church, which is, forever linked to the Orthodox community. Chronologically, he was one of the eighth in a row (after the four Eastern Patriarchs: that of Constantinople, Alexandria, Antioch and Jerusalem, and the previous bishop for three, Cyprus and the Sinai peninsula, and Georgia), while the organic community sister Orthodox Churches. At the beginning of the Bulgarian Church was Archbishop of autonomy under the jurisdiction of the Patriarchate of Constantinople, where he received his first introductions, the clergy and religious books. But it was full of internal self-government. Where she was soon ready for its festivals and acquire the status of self-government.
Bulgarian OrthodoxChurch of Bulgaria consolidated its position both in domestic and foreign affairs. Was quickly create the conditions for general recognition of the autocephalous status and upgrade it to the Patriarchate. In 1235 a meeting was held for the Great Council of Churches in the city Lampsakos headed by Patriarch Germanus II of Constantinople. Many of the characters and the Bulgarian-Greek Church, and the convent of the monasteries and the monks of Mount Athos part in it. Consent of all the Patriarchs of the East and the council stressed the dignity of the Bulgarian Patriarch of the Church. Under the chairmanship of the distinguished monkeys, it was well organized, and was a big parish, and was active in general has left behind a state of ecstasy shining in history. Under the wing of the patriarchate in Trnovo Bulgarian literary and educational school was organized by representatives such as the outstanding men of learning, enlightenment and St. Theodosy of Trnovo, St. Patriarch Euthymy and a group of eminent scientists and others. Thus it has become an ardent champion of the cause of the Ohrid and Preslav schools. It was noted a significant increase in the field of literature, architecture, painting, etc. The religious and theological literature flourished. The greatest writer and researcher, pastor of an ideal national enthusiastic Euthymy Patriarch of Trnovo (died California. 1404).
Trnovo after the fall under Ottoman control (1393) and Patriarch Euthymy sent into exile, and the Church, an independent organization again destroyed. Bulgarian diocese was subordinated to the Patriarchate of Constantinople. The other Bulgarian religious center - Ohrid - managed to survive a few centuries (until 1767), as a bastion of faith and piety.

Part of the Bulgarians Mohammedanized lost forever, and their awareness of national and mother tongue. Another part, and the so-called or Pomaks - Bulgarian Mohammedans, and the preservation of the native language and the Bulgarian customs, but lost for several centuries in the awareness of being part of the Bulgarian people.
Bulgarian ChurchConquerors did not spare even the Christian holy sites and cultural monuments. In Trnovo were destroyed in the Patriarchal Cathedral of the Holy Church of Ascension and the Church of St. Petka of the Court. Conquerors Trnovo in Bulgaria flattened 18 [Port] Churches in Trapesitsa Hill. The Church of the Holy Martyrs 40 turned into a mosque, while the Church of the Holy Virgin in Trnovo rebuilt as Turkish Bath. In Plovdiv diocese Chepino Pomaks destroyed 218 churches and monasteries, 33. In the town of Vidin the Cathedral Church of the Holy Virgin had been completely destroyed. Many churches across the country have been turned into mosques.

Delegations from the Orthodox churches following arrived in the capital Sofia in religious ceremonies and the great national: Russian, headed by Bishop Gregory of Leningrad (Saint Petersburg sinking) and Novgorod; Romanian, headed by Patriarch Justinian; headed by Polish Primate Metropolitan Makary; Czechoslovak, headed by Bishop Elevtery primates. Without them the following churches participated in the celebrations with their representatives or cabled congratulations: The Church of Alexandria, Antioch, Jerusalem, Georgia, Serbia and the Church of Hellas.

Third Meeting of the Church Council and the people convened in accordance with what stated in the statute (May 8-10), and the restoration of conditions of the Patriarchal Church, and Bulgarian on May 10, was elected Archbishop Cyril of Plovdiv, the President of the Holy Synod and Chairman of the Council, Patriarch of Bulgaria and Metropolitan of Sofia.

The coronation took place immediately after the elections that took place in the Patriarchal Cathedral, and St. Alexander Nevski Memorial Church, in the presence of representatives of the Bulgarian Government, figures active in the cultural life, and foreign delegations, and many of the worshipers.