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Syrian Orthodox

Filed under: by: HussainGardezi

Syrian OrthodoxIn the Syriac Orthodox Church is one of the oldest Christian churches follow the roots to the Church of Antioch. Students are first called Christians in Antioch (Acts 11:26). Messenger, Peter, is believed to be developed in the Church of Antioch in 37 AD and the remains of which are still in Antakya (the modern names of Antioch), Turkey. After the martyrdom of the apostle Peter and his successor Euodius Street and St. Ignatius Noorono Sponsor flock at Antioch, and in the writings of St. Ignatius, we find that changes in the church is an imperative for us bishops are successors of the Apostles, and spiritual authorities in still entrusted by God to prophets. In Antioch bishophric peace and ecumenical Synod of Nicea (325 m) and one of patriarchy in the Christian world (despite the fact that in Alexandria and Rome). Produced through the succession (see photo) of the apostle Peter, which continues to this day, the Syrian Orthodox Church. Antioch at the time of Christ, the capital of the Roman province of Syria and an important center of trade. In a city filled with Greek culture, Greek was the common language. Nevertheless, most people in the region, especially outside the city, said in Syriac, Edessene Aramaic, the language of our Lord. Students Addai, and Mary, and the Messenger Aggai Thomas, is considered to be the spread of the Gospel, in areas to the north-east of Antioch, Edessa (Urhoy) and Nisibis, in relation to the High Plains to the north of Mesopotamia between the Tigris and Euphrates. Syriac, the doctrine of Christ, how to send Addai Addai, is one of the seven satellites, King Abgar of Edessa. It is believed that Apostle Thomas went so far as the East, arrived in India in 52 AD. Many important and influential centers of Syriac Christians appeared in cities such as Edessa (Urhoy), Adiabene (Hadyab), and Nisibis (Nsibin). Although Antioch was the headquarters of bishophric, Edessa is often considered the cradle of Syriac Christianity. The Church of Antioch played a significant role in the early history of Christianity. He played a prominent role in the first three synods held in Nicea (325), Constantinople (381), Ephesus (431), as well as the formation and preparation and interpretation of early Christian doctrines. In 451 AD, the Council of Chalcedon and Christological position led to the separation of the separation of believers to the Holy See of Antioch and one or two a day, known as "idto suryoyto treeysath shubho (Syrian or Syriac Orthodox Church and the Church), and other Eastern Orthodox (or Rum Orthodox) Church of Antioch. Last Emperor Justinian Byzantinian support the Council Chalcedon. During the years that followed as a result of the conflict over the Holy See, with all the persuasions of the bishops, he became the patriarch of Antioch. In 518, North St., patriarch of Antioch expulsion. In place of the Syriac Orthodox Patriarch of Antioch moved to different monasteries, including Qartmin, Qenneshrin (Chalkis, near Aleppo), and Malatya, Central (Diyarbakir), and finally settled in 1293 in Moore Dayro D Hananyo (also known as Kurkmo Dayro in Syriac and Arabic in the monastery Zafaran) in Mardin. In light of the monastery until 1933, when political circumstances forced migration in Homs, Syria, Damascus, then in 1959. Another center of Syrian Orthodox appeared in the former Persian territory, the so-called East (Syr. Madnehoyo). The presence of the Syrian Orthodox community in part due to the abduction of the Syrian population in the Persian language during the wars with Byzantium and forced to land settlement and part of the Persian Christians in Persia by the political opponents of the introduction of the doctrine of the Church of the East. With Sasani, east, for practical reasons, the organization has its own church, as well as the recognition of capital Tagrit on the river Tigris, and the head 629. Later in the tenth century, an atheist, became known as the name Maphryono (literally, which is bearing fruit, "or" consecrator "). He was elected to the Eastern bishops, and was elected Patriarch of the West, but by order of the patriarch. At a later stage, this office and the importance of this Patriarch Maphryonos painter, but at the same time, Maphryonos ceased to be elected 793 (c Maphryono Sarbelios) have been nominated by the Patriarchs. Between Maphryonos, was a famous writer Mor Gregorius Bar `Ebroyo (1226-186). D Dayro Mattay Moore in Mosul, serving as headquarters for Maphryono many historical periods. At a later time, and adopted at the residence of the Patriarchate Maphryono in Mardin. Another Maphryonos died in 1848, and the dead. From the date of adoption of the Syrian Orthodox Church is misery. Byzantinian repression in the sixth and seventh centuries, after which the atrocities of the Crusaders in the 11 th and 12 th centuries, and then exterminated by the Mongols under the leadership of Tamerlane (1336-1405) around 1400, as well as the imposition of severe restrictions, in connection with the Ottoman Empire . The growth of the national decline in recent years, the Ottoman Empire, which led to the deaths of nearly 25,000 in what is known today in the south-eastern Turkey in 1895-96. The largest disaster occurred in 1915, etched in the memory of the Syriac Orthodox community also Sayfo (sword of the year), as well as the elimination of 90,314 people (including 154 priests) 13350 for 346 families in the villages, which are about one-third of the Syriac Orthodox population in the region (according to the records compiled by Patriarch Aphrem I). Then mount it with the Kurdish rebel movement in 1925-26, when the Kurds took advantage of the monasteries and Mor Malke yes Dayro - Slibo Basibrin and the church, and not far from Hbob base. Immense suffering and destruction in 1895 have led to changes in the demographic structure of society and the mass emigration to other parts of the Middle East, especially Syria, and North and South America, in various parts of Europe and Australia. Against the background of all the difficulties and produced a lot of great saints of the Orthodox Church, who lives and works is an enormous impact not only in Syria but many of the Christian tradition. Ritual rich heritage of the Syrian Orthodox Church, but is one of the legacies. Church scholars, such as James Moore, of Edessa, George, Bishop of Arabia, and Moussa Kepha Bar has played an important role in the transmission of Greek knowledge to the Arab world. Many of the Syriac Orthodox authors also reported the accounts of historians. Among these measures, because the Church of the date of Ephesus, John, Proceedings of Jacob of Edessa, the facts Zuqnin (erroneously attributed to the Patriarch Dionysius of Tel Mahre), Proceedings of the Patriarch Mikhayel Lord, and a description of the history of the church Maphryono Gregorius Bar Ebroyo `. Many of the historical accounts recorded in English written by authors of the Catholic Church and the Anglican Church. While many of these measures and to provide the readers of English and religious bias is evident in these works.