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Bulgarian Orthodox

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Bulgarian OrthodoxBulgarian Orthodox | Christianity and Bulgaria in 864 Khan (Tsar) Boris I with the bishops of Constantinople appointed. In Macedonia, and the city of Ohrid became an active center of the mission. St. Clement of Ohrid, and control of the missionaries Saints Cyril and Methodius, trained a large number of Slavs for the ministry, thus preparing for the national church. Despite the fact that the son of Boris and Simeon, Archbishop Patriarch also was not announced until after the death of Simeon (927), recognizes that the Patriarchate of Constantinople, the Bulgarian capital of Preslav (now Great Preslav). Bulgaroctonus under Basil II, and became the Episcopal Church, Greek, and its position in Ohrid. Bulgarian Patriarchate was revived in the town of Turnovo in 1235 tsar Ivan Asen II, but after the fall of the Turkish Turnovo (1393), the last patriarch Eftimi and denied the Patriarchate has ceased to exist. Nearly five centuries Bulgaria was under Turkish control, and the church in the conduct of the Greek Patriarch of Constantinople, the clergy. The struggle for the independence of the Bulgarian Church, which began at the end of 18, culminating in the 1870 establishment of the Bulgarian Patriarch. However, the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople, the church announced that a newly formed dissident (1872), and that he did not even recognize, in 1945, the Patriarchate was revived in 1953. In 1949, in accordance with state law restricts the activities of religious associations and churches provided for control of the state. The Government supported the "progressive" bishops and priests who are opposed. The political transformations that have occurred in Eastern Europe in the 1990's as a result of the fall of the Soviet Union and relaxed but not eliminated completely, the dispute between the Church and State. The Constitution of the Republic of Bulgaria guarantees the freedom of religion, there was also recognition of Orthodox Bulgaria history and religion. " About 6.7 million Bulgarians, and 85 percent of the population, according to official records, which belong to the Bulgarian Orthodox Church. 12 Episcopal Church, and more than 2000 priests. In the Theological Academy in Sofia and secondary schools and the training of candidates for the priesthood. The church publishes a weekly newspaper, Tsrkoven Gazette, as well as a monthly periodical, Dukhovna culture.